Bacteria are categorized by the way that they obtain oxygen. In waste water treatment, there are three types of bacteria used to treat the waste that comes into the treatment plant: aerobic, anaerobic and facultative.
Full Harvest Microbial Inoculant is a product made with beneficial bactreia that is used for waste water treatment, stimulates increased production of micro-organisms, helps accelerate plant growth, and increase the fertility of the soil. This contains three beneficial aerobic bacteria that contribute several advantages of this product.
a. Bacillus Pumilus- Bacillus pumilus is a spore-forming bacteria that is rod-shaped, Gram-positive, and aerobic. It resides in soils and some colonize in the root area of some plants where B. pumilus has antibacterial and antifungal activity. Some purposes of B. pumilus that are being researched are its involvement in bacterial hay preservation, and the use of B. pumilus plasmids in gene transfer systems. The proteases from B. pumilus are used in various industries. Food, chemical, detergent, and leather industries can benefit from the proteases from B. pumilus.The use of the plasmids from B. pumilus and insertion of other plasmids to the bacteria aide in various industries, and as antimicrobials and antifungals.
b. Bacillus Subtilis- The main habitat of endospore forming Bacillus organisms is the soil. Likewise Bacillus subtilis is most commonly found in soil environments and on plant undergrowth. These mesophilic microbes have historically been considered strict aerobes. Thus they are likely to be found in O and A surface soil horizons where the concentration of oxygen is most abundant and temperatures are relatively mild. Consider how this organism functions in s competitive microbial community: when carbon-, nitrogen- and phosphorus-nutrient levels fall below the bacterium's optimal threshold, it produces spores. Scientists have demonstrated that Bacillus subtilis concurrently produces antibiotics and spores. Antibiotic production increases B. Subtilis's chance at survival as the organism produces spores and a toxin that might kill surrounding gram positive microbes that compete for the same nutrients. Bacillus subtilis strains can act as biofungicides for benefiting agricultural crops and antibacterial agents. Bacillus subtilis also reduces mild steel corrosion (Morikawa 2006).
c. Bacillus Licheniformes – Bacillus licheniformis is a bacterium commonly found in the soil. It is found on bird feathers, especially chest and back plumage, and most often in ground-dwelling birds (like sparrows) and aquatic species (like ducks).
It is a gram-positive, mesophilic bacterium. Its optimal growth temperature is around 30°C, though it can survive at much higher temperatures. The optimal temperature for enzyme secretion is 37°C. It can exist in spore form to resist harsh environments, or in a vegetative state when conditions are good.
Scientists are currently exploring its ability to degrade feathers for agricultural purposes. Feathers contain high amounts of non-digestible proteins, but researchers hope that, through fermentation with B. licheniformis, they can use waste feathers to produce cheap and nutritious feather meal to feed livestock.
Ecological research is also being done looking at the interaction between plumage colors and B. licheniformis activity, and the consequences thereof. Feather degrading bacteria may have played an important role in the evolution of molting, and patterns in feather coloration (Gloger's Rule).
Industrial companies that uses sludge for waste water treatment can greatly benefit from this Full Harvest Microbial Inoculant. For more information contact the person below:
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